Commodore Universal Power Supply - Part 2 - Parts
Updated: Jan 10
Edit: There are some changes coming for the meters due to the way they measure current
Now that the requirements have been determined, and a prototype design is complete, it's time to source the parts to build this Universal Commodore Bench Power Supply.
I wasted a lot of time (and money) sourcing parts that I ended up not using. This post will explain what I decided to use and why.
Item links in this blog post will often take you to a choice page where you can choose where you want to source the part from.
Power Supply and Transformer
The DC power supply I selected is the Mean Well RT-65B. It provides sufficient power for a worst case scenario (A mod loaded Amiga 1200). It is reasonably priced and Mean Well supplies have been reliable for me. An alternate would be the Mean Well PT-65B which lacks the metal enclosure and has a Molex Connector. Its the same supply but I prefer the safety of the shield and the convenience of the screw terminals when building a prototype. If you prefer the PT-65b for the $5 savings it is here
As I mentioned in the last post I had a hard time finding a 3 Amp, 9V AC power transformer. There is one option that someone pointed out at Digi-Key.
It comes with instructions for wiring to 110V or 220V so be careful. You can also elect to skip the 3A that is only needed for early Type A and B Vic-20s. In that case you can use a 1 Amp or higher wall wart which I routinely find at thrift stores, garage sales and the like. They usually cost $1 or less and seem really common, at least in our area.
Most of these connectors I recommend getting from Jeff Birts' Soigeneris. He has high quality and hard to find connectors for several Commodore machines. For many of these I will only have links to one source since they are the only ones I know of. If you have a suggestion then please let me know with the contact page on this site. Of course, if you have a dead power supply on hand for these machines then the power cable can be salvaged.
You will need two of these square types since the Commodore 128 and Amiga 500/600/1200 use the same one but are not voltage compatible. BE WARNED you will need to make sure your cables are well marked. Using the incorrect power cable can damage a machine. Later in the build phase I will offer some options on how to make them distinctive!
You should only need one of the DIN 7 power connectors for the Commodore 64 and later model VIC-20s. They both use the same connector and voltages. These can also be found on Amazon if you cannot order from Soigeneris for some reason but the ones on Amazon are very cheaply made and difficult to solder without melting the plastic.
A single 4-Pin DIN connector is needed for the external disk drives like a 1541-II. Unfortunately Soigeneris did not have one and the Amazon ones were all I could find. At least they have a better solder cup than the others and come in a multi-pack in case you have issues soldering them.
For connecting the power cable pigtails to the power supply I wanted something attractive and sturdy. I considered a lot of options, and spent way too much ordering connectors to try, including Commodore Style DINs, Molex and aviation connectors. In the end I settled on these because they have a quality feel and appearance yet they are very reasonably priced.
I am using a different connector for the external disk drive power. If I used the same connector for both, then you could connect the wrong cables and possibly cause damage to the computer or draw more current than the supply can provide.
A 4-conductor one is fine since all the drives use the exact same 5V & 12V DC voltages
I checked out a few enclosures but, in the end, this was a clear winner. It should be large enough to hold everything, has a large enough front panel for the meters and that blue screams Commodore to me.
The only drawback I see is that the included metal panels are not electrically connected to the metal frame so if you decide to use them you will want to make sure they are grounded. I will be using plastic panels so that should not be an issue.
Front and Back Panels
There are several options for the front and back panels. You can cut them from the steel panels included with the enclosure, cut them from plastic, or 3D print them.
I am using 3D printed ones that were designed and provided by a good friend. If he makes the .stl files available I will link them here. I am not sure what the plan is with them at this time but should know by the time the build is complete.
Odds and Ends
Power Connector with Switch and Fuse
This is one item you may have to do a little research on. The one I have here is for 110/220 and uses a standard computer power cord so it should work for most countries. Be aware that this uses non-standard wire colors if you are in the USA so be sure to check. In this case the Blue wire is Hot (Would be Red in the USA) and the Red wire is Neutral (Would be white in the USA). I will be reversing the wires in my build so that red is Hot!
You will need some 5-conductor power cable (This is 20 AWG) for making the pigtails. I bought this off of Amazon just for the simplicity (And I had a gift card, every penny counts these days). DigiKey seemed to want to sell me 100' or more! You can get this wherever you like, just be sure it is 22AWG or heavier (20 AWG seems to be the sweet spot) with at least 5-conductors. I would have preferred 18AWG but it was too thick for the DIN connector hoods without shaving them down. You will need a total cable diameter for 6.5mm or less to fit.
If you want to be able to connect a drive with an internal power supply (Like a 1541) without using an additional outlet, you can use a Y-Splitter cable to connect it.
If you decide to go with the wall wart option for 9V AC, I recommend a very short extension cable for wiring it internally to the AC supply. You just cut off the male end and wire it directly to the internal AC. Be sure not to reverse the hot and neutral wire.
Heat shrink tubing: https://geni.us/RWRT_HeatShrinkTube
Crimp fork terminals: https://geni.us/RWRT_CrimpForkCon
Crimp Spade connectors: https://geni.us/RWRT_CrimpSpadeCon
Wire stripper and crimp tool: https://geni.us/RWRT_StripCrimpTool
Affiliate Links and my Philosophy on them
Some of these links are affiliate links but many are not. My recommendation if you are ordering these items is to use whatever source you are most comfortable with. My preference is DigiKey (Which does not have an affiliate program) but many of the items for this project I purchased off Amazon because they are difficult to find or unavailable at DigiKey. Some items were just a LOT less expensive on Amazon as well. I suspect you might find them on Bang Good or Allie Express but my experiences there have been less than stellar, so I did not include them in my research. Other suppliers, such as Mouser, are great choices as well.
Additional Posts in this Series
Part 2 - You are there!
Part 3 - Coming Soon